SASPEN aims to facilitate the dissemination of publications regarding Social Protection in Southern Africa. Check below for our own publications and publications by network members. Or try our links section. In the future we plan a resource-gate to facilitate access to resources and studies of third parties.

Booklet: Social Protection in Africa. Overview for policy-makers

The Centre for Social Development in Africa (CSDA) in association with the Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) have published a Booklet on Social Protection targeted at Policy makers. The Booklet was launched at the 12th Annual Meeting of African Academies of Science (AMASA), in Johannesburg in November 2016.

This booklet provides an overview of social protection in Africa, with a primary focus on non-contributory social protection, which includes cash and in-kind assistance and public works programmes. It highlights the key issues in social protection in Africa and provides several case studies to illustrate the diversity of programmes, which seek to address the overarching goal of reducing poverty and inequality.

To access the booklet follow this link: Social Protection in Africa. Overview for policy-makers

New SASPEN One Pager Subseries

SASPEN in partnership with the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) have produced a subseries of the world famous one pagers. In this subseries, three one pagers summarise key perspectives on different aspects of Social Protection in Mozambique, Nigeria and Zambia. The one pagers include ‘Rethinking the Design and Implementation of Nigeria’s COPE Conditional Cash Transfer Programme,’ ‘Transformative Social Protection: Findings from the Zambian Child Grant and Farmer Input Support Programme’ and ‘Social Protection Reform in Mozambique and the New Basic Social Security Strategy’

Click the title of the one pager in our one pager log to read the full text

Title Author Date Languages
Rethinking the design and implementation of Nigeria’s COPE Conditional Cash Transfer Programme Olabanji Akinola Aug 2016 English
Transformative social protection: findings from the Zambian child grant and farmer input support programmes Anna Wolkenhauer Oct 2016 English
Social protection reform in Mozambique and the new basic social security strategy Sergio Falange, Luca Pellerano Nov 2016 English


New Book: Developing the Right to Social Security – A Gender Perspective

In his book ‘Developing the Right to Social Security – A gender perspective’ Beth Goldblatt (University of Technology, Sydney) discusses the need to develop the right to social security to ensure that it is responsive to gender discrimination and disadvantage. The book develops a framework that he uses in a study of international law; analysing three countries South Africa, Australia and India.

Click here to open the Flyer (PDF, 1.94 Mb): Flyer

Here is the web link to the publisher’s site

New book: The Quest for Universal Social Policy in the South

Juliana Martínez Franzoni (University of Costa Rica) and Diego Sánchez-Ancochea (University of Oxford) have published a new book on universal social policies in the Global South. In The Quest for Universal Social Policy in the South – Actors, Ideas and Architectures (Cambridge University Press 2016) they discuss the experiences of Costa Rica, South Korea, Mauritius and Uruguay to show how universal social policy reduces inequality, focussing on policy architectures and the role of states, political parties and democracy. Click here to learn more about the book and how to access it.


Impacts of social protection programmes on children – GSDRC Report

The GSDRC recently published a Report which explores a range of literature and collates expert opinions to make a case for Child-sensitive social protection. The report answers questions regarding both positive and negative impacts of social protection programmes on children, scrutinizing the conditions and processes that cause these outcomes. It also discusses what the literature suggest as key guiding considerations and approaches to maximise positive impacts.

click here to see the full Report (PDF, 670 KB)

Botswana: Mineral Wealth, Social Transfers and Taxation

In a new paper in the Journal of Contemporary African Studies, SASPEN Advisory Council member Dr Marianne Ulriksen examines the relationship between mineral wealth and redistribution in Botswana, analyzing social transfers and taxation. The first 50 people to access the article will be able to download the paper for free and Dr Ulriksen decided to prioritize this opportunity for fellow SASPEN networkers. Please see the abstract and link below.

ABSTRACT: There are palpable cracks in the Botswana economic growth success story, most apparent in the evidence of persistent and extreme inequality. This article offers new insights into the Botswana puzzle by focusing on redistributive policies – taxation and transfers – as potential mechanisms to tackle poverty and inequality. The historical analysis explores how the minimal redistributive policies reflect the interests of the elites and how these actors justify their policy decisions with reference to the needs of the poor – an important electoral constituency; and it links policy developments to social and economic outcomes where no comprehensive social security system and negligible taxations means that only the well-to-do are in positions of income security and only the most vulnerable receive some relief. Diamond-rich Botswana avoids taxing its citizens. In terms of citizen engagement and ability to pursue social justice this may be a mistake.

For online access to the article, please click here

Social Cash Transfers: Changing Lives of African Families

The Mail and Guardian invites to attend the Critical Thinking Forum on Social Cash transfers: Changing lives of African Families? held at The Capital Empire in Sandton, Johannesburg on November 15th 2016.

The discussion will be based on the launch of the book: From Evidence to Action: The Story of Cash Transfers and Impact Evaluation in Sub-Saharan Africa, published by UNICEF and the FAO.

Click here for the invitation details.

Leila Patel: Social Welfare and and Social Development

A new publication by SASPEN Advisory Council Member and Director of the Centre for Social Development in Africa (CSDA) of the University of Johannesburg, Prof Leila Patel, titled “Social Welfare and Social Development” discusses social welfare practice in global and regional context. It addresses issues of poverty, unemployment and populations at risk within South Africa and the role of the social welfare system in South Africa in tackling these issues. The book outlines the theory and practice of social development as the practice through which the South African government aims to address social challenges. The first edition was unique and groundbreaking in its explication of social development and is still valued for these insights. The second edition includes updated discussions, reviewing changes in the social landscape since 2005.

Read more here (pdf, 322kb).

SASPEN brief: 8 new Briefs on Sustainability of Social Protection

In SASPEN briefs 1/2016 to 8/2016, eight presenters from the 2015 annual SASPEN Conference “Sustainability of Social Protection in the SADC: Economic Returns, Political Will and Fiscal Space” explore different facets of social protection and country case studies.

Victoire Umuhire and Christoph Ernst of the International Labour Organisation discuss the need to finance social protection in Africa by tapping into resources generated from the extractive industries. Read the full brief “Africa’s opportunity to finance social protection: The role of revenues from extractive industries” here (pdf, 771kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Jonathan Tumwebaze from the Uganda Christian University Mukono explores the potentials of the Ugandan Social Assistance Grant for Empowerment for orphaned children. Read the full brief “Linking Social Assistance Grant (SAGE) and HIV + Orphaned for sustainable resultshere (pdf, 577kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Jairous J. Miti from University of Zambia asks whether Zambian social protection programmes are appropriate to the Zambian context and effective at reducing poverty. Read the full brief “Social Protection (Social Cash Transfer) in Zambia: The question of appropriatenesshere (pdf, 450kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Nikhil Treebhoohun, chairman of Oxford International Mauritius highlights the important role that social protection played for the economic success and structural transformation of Mauritius since the early 1970s. Read the full brief “Social Protection and Economic Transformation: The Case of Mauritiushere (pdf, 701kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Ndangwa Noyoo, Associate Professor at the Department of Social Work at the University of Johannesburg, discusses ways to provide recipients of the South African Child Grant programme with better economic opportunities in light of his experience of working with the South African government. Read the full brief “Creating Sustainable Parthways for Beneficiaries of the Child Support Grant (CSG) in South Africahere (pdf, 399kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Olabanji Akinola of the University of Guelph, Ontario, debates pros and cons of conditional cash transfers in Africa and gives recommendations on how to best capitalise on their potentials. Read the full brief “Conditional Cash Transfers in Africa: Limitations and Potentialshere (pdf, 409kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Anna Wolkenhauer of the University of Bremen, Germany, argues that the current turn towards social protection provides a window of opportunity for rehabilitating states’ role in social and economic development in Southern Africa, drawing on evidence from Zambia. Read the full brief “Can Social Protection Bring Developmental States Back to Afrcia? Findings from Zambiahere (pdf, 407kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

Patrick Chanda of the University of Zambia discusses his study of women domestic workers in Zambia and the impact that social protection programmes can have for them. Read the full brief “Social Protection as an Approach to Addressing Poverty Among Women Domestic Workers in Zambiahere (pdf, 399kb) or click on the thumbnail below.

DIE: The political economy of cash transfers

An analysis of the Cash Transfer experiences of sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America by the German Development Institute (DIE) explores the political economy behind designing and building these systems.

This paper compares the consolidated experience of conditional cash transfers in Latin America with a variety of models of cash transfers in middle- and low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the recent literature with the aim to highlight the underlying political economy factors that have underpinned the emergence and scaling-up of various kinds of social protection strategies in the two regions. From this review, some implications and policy suggestions are drawn regarding the opportunities and challenges for cash transfers in the future.

To download the report, click here (pdf, 670 kb).

FAO: Impact of Cash Transfers on Local Economy

comprehensive analysis by the Food and Agriculture Ogranization (FAO) deals with the impacts of Social Cash Tranfsers on the local economy in sub-Sahara Africa. The FAO research is part of the project “from Protection to Production” and is set in seven different countries, including Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Lesotho.

Our LEWIE analysis finds evidence of significant spillovers, resulting in SCT income multipliers that are considerably greater than one in most cases. Most spillovers accrue to non-beneficiary households. Integration with outside markets shifts impacts out of local economies, reducing local income multipliers. Local supply constraints may result in price inflation which creates a divergence of real from nominal income multipliers for beneficiaries as well as non-beneficiaries. The existence of income spillovers reveals that SCT programmes have local economy impacts beyond the treated households, which could yield large benefits for rural developments.

Download the whole report here (pdf, 1.2 Mb).

FAO Infographic: Agriculture and Poverty

An FAO infographic lists the hard facts when it comes to agriculture and poverty to highlight what social protection and agriculture actually can do in order to combat poverty appropriately.

Despite recent progress, still today 1 billion people are poor and around 800 million are hungry. Extreme poverty is concentrated in rural areas, and the rural poor largely rely on agriculture. In sub-Saharan Africa 66% of the income of poor small family farmers comes from agriculture.

To see the infographic click here (pdf, 1.6 MB).

ILO Lusaka: SP Extension to the Informal Economy

A recent “Lessons Learnt Paper” of the International Labour Organization (ILO)  presents Field Research in four areas of informal economy in Zambia:

This Paper gives some strategic options to extend social protection to workers in the informal economy in Zambia. It also gives an overview about the results of four field research studies on domestic workers, small scale farmers, saw mill workers and construction workers who are often excluded from any form of social protection.


ILO Social Protection in Zambia

Click here to read more about the paper, and click here to download the publication (pdf, 2.8 Mb).

Effective Cash Transfers Improve Child Wellbeing – Family for Every Child

A recent report by Family For Every Child argues that the design of Cash Transfer Programmes is a key determinant to improving children’s wellbeing in poor families. Their infographic below synthesizes their key findings:

Find the full report here

UCT CSSR: Social Policy in the Global South

In a series of new working papers the Centre for Social Science Research (CSSR) of the University of Cape Town explores welfare reform and social policy in countries across the Global South, particularly Southern Africa and other African countries.

The series includes following titles: ———- Please continue reading

UCT CSSR: Social protection policies in Tanzania, 2000-2015

In a new working paper of the Centre for Social Science Research (CSSR) of the University of Cape Town, SASPEN Advisory Council Member Marianne S Ulriksen analyses the development of social protection policies in Mainland Tanzania between 2000 and 2005.

Tanzania has recently scaled up a piloted conditional cash transfer programme to target the extreme poor across the country. In addition, there has been moves to finalise a national social protection framework and the possibility of introducing an old age pension has been announced. This paper focuses on these three main social protection developments in Tanzania and looks into the role of different bureaucracies and their funding partners in shaping social protection policies. The Tanzanian case illustrates how external agencies influence the development of social protection strategies in low-income countries. Although policy ownership lies with domestic institutions, their ability to develop policies, implement these and document their success is largely depended on the support they get from external agencies. By funding pilot projects and supporting evidence-based publications and promotional events, external actors can play a determining role in promoting specific social protection policy designs. Without strong institutional ownership with the backing of resourceful partners, proposed policies are less likely to get sufficient political support.

Download the paper here (pdf)

UNDG ESARO: Social Protection Issues Brief

The UN Development Group (UNDG) has published a Social Protection Issues Brief for Eastern and Southern Africa in collaboration with ILO, UNDP, UNICEF and WFP. The brief presents the main frameworks of Social Protection, addresses common challenges and describes a dozen case studies of African best practices (including Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda).

The brief also features SASPEN as best practice (see p. 34). UNDG-SocProIssuesBriefEsaro_2016

In Eastern and Southern Africa, nearly half of the population lives on less than US$1.25 a day, making social protection a vital safeguard against poverty and deprivation.  Over the last several years, the development agencies of the United Nations have joined forces to increase access to social protection in many of these countries, scaling up modest efforts and inaugurating new ones where they did not exist.

Whether through through joint teams or planning exercises, common office space or shared financial resources, the UN system has come closer together to deliver techncial assistance to governments and other constituents in the region and make social protection coverage a reality for more and more people.

This new publication from the collaborating agencies of the UN Social Protection Floor Initiative (SPF-I) details what is being done to create and improve social protection instutitions, policies and administrative capacities in the region, while jointly implementing the social protection components of the Sustainable Development Goals and 2030 Development Agenda.  It also outlines several of the many new and innovative ways in which the UN is increasingly “delivering as one” in the area of social protection.

Read more here. Download the issues brief here (pdf, 13mb)

Rio+10: Social Protection for Sustainable Development

Following the South-South-Learning process the UNDP Rio+10 Centre organized in 2015 (see here and here) between the AU and Brazil, it has now published a comprehensive reader “Social Protection for Sustainable Development. Dialogues between Africa and Brazil” covering 10 chapters on social protection and sustainable development, economic emergence, social development, poverty reduction, income redistribution, food and nutrition security, nature and environment, building comprehensive systems and coordination of interventions.

The following flagship report focusing on Social Protection for Sustainable Development (SP4SD) serves as a companion policy analysis for national and global advocacy on inclusive, equitable and sustainable development. It looks at the role that social protection can play in this effort, which can be instrumental, coordinating, enabling and resilience-building. The report highlights the impressive gains in human development and poverty eradication achieved through the world renowned Brazilian social protection scheme and explores the conceptual and practical mechanics of its functioning to provide insights for the design and adoption of social protection schemes in Africa and beyond.


Clj0C7BXEAAQ7OlRead more about the report here, read it online here or download it here (pdf, 5.7mb)

IPC-IG: Scaling up Cash Transfer Programmes

A new policy brief (pdf, 176 KB) “Scaling up cash transfer programmes: Good practices and lessons learned from Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia” published by IPC-IG underlines the importance of monitoring and evaluating cash transfer programmes.

Social cash transfer programmes are important and promising initiatives in the promotion of sustainable development and inclusive growth in the developing world. However, many of these programmes are operating at a small scale, reaching only a limited number of beneficiaries. Strategies to expand, adapt and sustain successful pilot or small-scale programmes are thus necessary in the continuous process of poverty alleviation and development. This policy research brief provides an overview of the literature relating to the scale-up of cash transfer programmes and an examination of good practices and lessons learned from the process in three African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia.

The research paper is also available in French if you click here and in Portuguese if you click here. Read the english version here (pdf, 176 KB).

IPC-IG: Brazil Public Policies for Rural Development

A new IPC-IG working “Public policies for rural development and combating poverty in rural areas” analyzes 11 major policies Brazil implemented concerning rural development.

Findings suggest that, although the productivity and sustainability of the most vulnerable smallholder farmers have not been substantially improved despite the many national policies in place, this should be attributed to a bias in rural development policies towards farmers who are already more established, and not at all to any intrinsically unsustainable aspect, or lack of potential, of smallholder and family farming.

To download the paper click here (English, pdf, 3.6 MB) or here (Portuguese, pdf, 183 KB). For background information click here (pdf, 180 KB).

IPC-IG: Africa inventory of non-contributory programmes

A new publication “Social Protection in Africa: inventory of non-contributory programmes” by the International Policy Centre of inclusive Growth (IPC-IG)

aims at providing a broad overview of the existing non-contributory social protection programmes in Africa, supporting a better general understanding of interventions in the region and their main design choices and features.

It maps and profiles 127 programmes from 39 African countries, organised in a user-friendly way, allowing for easy access to each programme and the corresponding references through hyperlinks.


The report stems from the project “Brazil & Africa: fighting the poverty and empowering women via South-South Cooperation“, supported by DFID and in cooperation with UNICEF, IPC-IG and

To download the whole publication click here (pdf, 2 MB).

SPI: Social Progress Index 2015

The Social Progress Imperative (SPI) launched the Social Progress Index of 2015.

The Social Progress Index offers a rich framework for measuring the multiple dimensions of social progress, benchmarking success, and catalyzing greater human wellbeing. The 2015 version of the Social Progress Index has improved upon the 2014 version through generous feedback from many observers and covers an expanded number of countries with 52 indicators.

In June 2015 SASPEN together with PSP Zambia and FES hosted an international expert workshop dealing with social indices in the SADC context.

Read more here and download the entire Social Progress Index here (pdf, 4,5 MB).

Linkages Social Protection & Children’s Care

Family for every Child” in conjunction with IDS, CSP and CINDI has published a research report regarding linkages of Child Support Grant (CSG) and Foster Child Grant (FCG) and children’s care in South Africa. Key findings of the report include the positive role the grants play in improving child well-being and care, but also caution that in case of lacking human resources (social workers, programme staff) cash provision may have a negative impact. ———- Please continue reading

ODI: Leaving no one behind project papers

The recent “Leaving no one behind” project of the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) has published three working papers about including hard-to-reach population groups in social protection, namely Informal, Migrant and marginalized Women workers (all of which were also subject of previous SASPEN conferences).

In the paper ‘Extending social insurance to informal workers: a gender analysis’ Rebecca Holmes and Lucy Scott analyse

Informal workers face high levels of risks yet the majority are not covered by social insurance. Meanwhile, women informal workers face specific and heightened risks, yet more women than men are excluded from insurance schemes.  Increasingly a number of countries are extending social insurance to informal workers, but, with only some exceptions, most policies remain gender-blind or gender-neutral.

In the paper ‘Internal migrants and social protection: a review of eligibility and take-up’ Emma Hopkins, Francesca Bastagli, and Jessica Hagen-Zanker analyse

Reasons for non-participation include complex and costly registration requirements, portability constraints and limited enforcement of official policy rules. Such features interact with additional factors such as sector and nature of employment, which are linked to whether a migrant has a contract. Other factors that affect migrants’ participation in social protection include limited knowledge and awareness of programmes and language barriers.

In the paper ‘Informality, women and social protection: identifying barriers to provide effective coverage’ Martina Ulrichs analyses

Designing more flexible social protection schemes that adjust to the particular needs of women in informal work requires a careful assessment of the obstacles they face in accessing social protection.

To read the full papers click the links below or see the project page here.

  • Extending social insurance to informal workers: a gender analysis (overview | pdf)
  • Internal migrants and social protection: a review of eligibility and take-up (overview | pdf)
  • Informality, women and social protection: identifying barriers to provide effective coverage (overview | pdf)

World Bank: Africa Poverty Report 2016 “Poverty in Rising Africa”

The World Bank Africa Poverty Report 2016 “Poverty in Rising Africa”, shows a decline of poverty rates but an increase of extreme poverty in absolute numbers in Africa.

Poverty across the continent may be lower than what current estimates suggest, though the number of people living in extreme poverty has grown substantially since 1990, according to the latest World Bank Africa poverty report.

According to the Data from the World Bank the share of people in Africa dropped from 56 Percent in 1990 to 43 Percent in 2012. However, due to the population growth there are more people living in poverty than back in the 90s.

Find the report here

UN SR on the Rights of PWD end of mission in Zambia

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities, Ms Catalina Davandas-Aguilar, keynote speaker at the recent SASPEN Lusaka Social Protection Colloquium, issued an end of mission statement upon conclusion of her mission to Zambia, 18th to 28 of April 2016. She points to successes being made in the country, and underlines main challenges.

I commend the efforts undertaken by Zambia to make its social protection framework inclusive of persons with disabilities. In addition to the adoption of a National Social Protection Policy in 2014, which considers disability as one of its pillars, several social protection programmes take into consideration the needs of persons with disabilities in their implementation. These include the Social Cash Transfer programme, the Public Welfare Assistance Scheme and the Food Security Pack Programme. The Government should continue to promote the mainstreaming of disability issues in all its social programmes, including the Social Protection Fund, the Women Empowerment Fund, the Youth Empowerment Fund and the Citizens Economic Empowerment Fund. The Government should also ensure that funds are available for the adequate implementation of its disability-specific funds and programmes. – See more at:

Find the whole statement here.

Social Protection Floor Index launched

The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) in cooperation with the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (mgsog at UNU-MERIT) has developed a Social Protection Floor Index (SPF-Index). The index measures the social-protection-floor-gap that exist at a country level and offers totally new approach to this specific theme for use by all stakeholders.

It assesses the degree of implementation of national SPFs, by detecting protection gaps in the health and income dimension and indicating the magnitude of financial resources needed to close these gaps in relation to a country’s economic capacity. The SPFI thus informs members, trade unions, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders about the need for corrective policy action, compares the implementation of SPFs across members, and, in future, monitors members’ progress over time. In the long run, it is hoped that the SPFI can contribute to achieving a fairer and more inclusive globalization.

Download the Index  here (pdf, 301 KB)

ODI: Bringing Taxation in

A new ODI publication by Francesca Bastagli addresses how to bring taxation into social protection analysis and planning. The guidance note addresses the following questions:


  • What are the types of analyses that consider taxation and social protection jointly?
  • How do I get started designing or commissioning a new study on the incidence, poverty and inequality impacts of taxes and transfers?
  • Where do I go for additional information and support?
  • What are the main methodological issues I need to be aware of in fiscal incidence analysis?
  • How do I interpret the policy findings of a basic fiscal incidence study – what does the study (not) tell us?

For further information click here. To download the tool click here (pdf, 461 KB).

Transfer Project Workshop 2016

From April 6-8, 2016 the Transfer Project organized an international workshop for policy-makers, researchers and UN experts, national governments, research institutions and international organizations to discuss and promote the subject of government cash transfers in Africa and beyond.

The 2016 workshop entered a new frontier for the Transfer Project, with the scope of topics and geographic focus broader than years before. Past events have been dedicated to cash transfer policy, implementation and evaluation; but this year, sessions also covered programme designs that link cash to additional essential social services, known as “social protection plus” or “cash-plus” models.

The Transfer Project provided an opportunity to discuss what has been done and what are the perspectives. Southern Africa was represented by experts from Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar, Zimbabwe and Lesotho, who shared experience on lessons learned, difficulties but also positive impacts.

For more information on the workshop click here, for all presentations here.

IPC-IG: New “One Pagers” on Social Protection

Four new One Pagers” of the The International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG) deal with Social Protection.

The first one is about the Grievance Mechanism (GM). The paper provides an insight into the topic and gives an overview about the stumbling blocks but also about the best practice. GM’s are operational tools that gives citizens the chance to give feedback to the implementers of a given services and gives the implementers the chance to respond. In summary, GM’s provides many benefits, such as: increasing the trustworthiness in the overall program and accountability of the implementers; gives the chance to solve problems and lowers the cost of addressing them; highers the performance of authorities etc. ( download the whole “One Pager” here (55 KB)).

The second one deals with the conditions for conditionality in cash transfers. While unconditional cash transfer within the Social Protection program is a relatively known tool, the conditional cash transfer (CCT) has entered the Social Protection scene just recently. Evidences show, both transfers can have a positive impact on the welfare of people. However, CCT’s have for example the advantage in addressing particular needs (download the whole “One Pager” here (60 KB)).

The third one is about a case-study, dealing with ” Strengthening the cash transfer payment systems in Kenya“. In Kenya there are four different payment system covering about 600,000 household. The difficulty that Kenya has to face is to implement those system appropriately in order to ensure that the payments are delivered to those in need in a timely, convenient, reliable and secure way (download the whole “One Pager” here (444 KB))

The fourth “One Pager” deals with the role of institutional arrangements for youth employment and empowerment in Sierra Leone. 80 per cent of the people of the age between 15-35 in Sierra Leone are living with less then 2 $ a day. About 60 per cent are structurally unemployed. In the last 7 years the government has implemented policies dealing with this problem and taking into account that youth unemployment is more a structural issue which needs long-term solutions. The “One Pager” offers a very short evaluation of these policies and points out what is needed in a post-conflict country like Sierra Leone (download the “One Pager” here (53 KB)).

Kenya’s Single Registry: Webinar

A recent webinar hosted by on Kenya’s “Single Registry for Social Protection” demonstrates how the tool improves social accountability. Kenya’s integrated registry was created in order to assist and help the social protection sector in planning and coordination and evaluates the four main cash transfer services of the country.

To watch the webinar click here.

FAO Diagnostic Tool: Agriculture and Social Protection Coherence

A new FAO disagnostic tool “Strengthening Coherence between Agriculture and Social Protection to Combat Poverty and Hunger in Africa” addresses the fundamental connection between social protection and people who depend on agriculture. It assists in identifying ways to strengthen the connection, as agriculture depending people are particularly exposed to the risk of poverty and food-insecurity.

Agriculture and social protection are fundamentally linked in the context of rural livelihoods in Africa. Poor and food-insecure families depend primarily on agriculture and partly on non-farm income and private transfers for their livelihoods, and are the main target of social protection interventions (FAO, 2015). When embedded within a broader rural development framework, stronger coherence between agriculture and social protection interventions can assist in improving the welfare of poor small family farms by facilitating productive inclusion, improving risk-management capacities, and increasing agricultural productivity – all of which enable rural-based families to gradually move out of poverty and hunger (Tirivayi et al., 2013). An important step in strengthening coherence is to assess the existing state of coherence within a given country and identify potential entry points for strengthening it. In relation to this, this Diagnostic Tool can assist you in: identifying and mapping the scope and nature of linkages between agriculture and social protection interventions in their countries, including supportive and constraining factors; and understanding people’s experiences and perceptions of linkages between agricultural and social protection programmes and how these linkages (or lack of them) affect their livelihoods. This will provide a basis for identifying options for strengthening coherence, which will inevitably depending on specific country contexts.

Find out more here. Download the diagnostic tool here (pdf, 3.34 MB).

ILO: Assessment Based National Dialogue Tool to implement Social Protection Floors

The International Labour Organization (ILO) in cooperation with other UN agencies has launched a new instrument to support governments in the implementation of Social Protection Floors (SPF). In this, the “Assessment-based National Dialogue” (ABND) is the first step in the implementation of nationally defined SPFs.

The tool is elaborated in Social protection assessment-based national dialogue: A global guide (pdf, 7.5mb) is a supporting tool to conduct governments ABND exercises to continue the ongoing fight against poverty and inequality. Also, it should help to achieve  inclusive and sustainable socio-economic development in order to accomplish the goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.

The experiences of countries all over the globe had an influence the design of the ABND which has been created by practitioners for practitioners. The guide provides a very useful step-by-step approach and helps to conduct ABND exercises, training and self/learning.

The ILO has provided us with following list of countries already using the tool or planning to:
Completed: Indonesia, Myanmar, Mongolia, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Ongoing: Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Niger, Tunisia, Egypt, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao PDR, Palestine, Philippines, Timor Leste
Planned: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Chad, Gabon, India (3 states) Pakistan, Paraguay, Sao Tome and Principe, and Tajikistan.

Report on the Rights of Migrants and Refugees in the EU

The European Parliament and Caritas Europe have published a the report “Migrants and Refugees Have Rights: Impact of EU Policies on Accessing Protection” (report, pdf 3mb). The report is a comprehensive summary of the European migration and asylum law, policy and practice, covering several aspects such as access to protection, humanitarian visas, and resettlement, non-refoulement, family reunification, labour migration and mobility and irregular migration to the EU.

The report was compiled by Global Migration Policy Associates (GMPA), an independent expert group, dealing primarily with migration. GMPA includes several SASPEN experts and GMPA President Patrick Taran gave the key note address at the 2014 Annual SASPEN Conference themed on Social Protection for Migrants.

The Vatican Radio also featured the report, which you can find here.